Mother language or the Mother tongue is the language one learns first. Mostly it is the language parents speak or the language one grew up with. It connects us with our culture and heritage, which contributes to a positive self-concept.
UNESCO declared International Mother Language Day in 1999, and for the first time in 2000, the day of February 21 was observed as “International Mother Language Day.”
The day is observed every year to promote linguistic and cultural diversity across the world. Did you know that the Proto-Indo-European language is claimed to be the mother language of all languages within the Indo-European family. This language is was spoken around 3500 BC by nomads living in what is present-day Ukraine. In the Indian subcontinent, Sanskrit is known as the mother of all languages. Sanskrit is a classical language in which most of the ancient Indian literature is written.
In India, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 encourages teaching children in mother tongue. Early education in regional language/mother tongue has proved to be beneficial and reduces school dropouts.