World Pneumonia day.

World Pneumonia day.

World Pneumonia Day, held each year on 12 November, aims to raise awareness about this deadly illness. The day was established by Stop Pneumonia Initiative in 2009 with the objectives to raise awareness and advocate for global action. Pneumonia is a deadly but preventable disease. There are affordable prevention options available to treat the deadly disease. Pneumonia is an acute respiratory disease that affects the lungs and aggravates the air sacs of the lungs. This happens when the lungs(alveoli) are filled with discharge or liquids, making it painful and difficult for them to breathe. Pneumonia is contagious and can be spread through coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread through fluids, like blood during childbirth, or from contaminated surfaces. Infectious agents may include bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Mostly children under the age of 5 or with weak immune systems due to malnutrition, undernourishment, or other diseases, have a reduced ability to recover. Adults above the age of 65 are also prone to the disease. Preventive measures include maintaining hygiene and getting vaccinations against certain pneumonia-causing bacteria. The significance of observing the day is to understand the problems of climate and air pollution and to raise awareness through campaigns and provide aid to fight against the disease.